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Polska Bibliografia Naukowa

Issue 13 (5) 2014 pp. 211–224

Sławomir Michałek, Barbara Hawrylak-Nowak, Edward Borowski

The response of lettuce to fluorescent light and led light relative to different nitrogen nutrition of plants

Abstract: In two successive pot experiments with lettuce cv. ‘Królowa Majowych’, conducted in a phytotron, this study investigated the effect of cool white fluorescent light (FRS) at a PPFD 200 μmol·m-2·s-1 and red-blue LED light at a PPFD of 200 and 800 μ mol·m-2·s-1 on photosynthesis, yield, leaf area, SLA, and the content of photosynthetic pigments, total N and nitrates. Experimental plants were grown in sphagnum peat supplemented with full-strength Hoagland’s solution at the beginning of the experiment. 10 days after plants were pricked out, 4 experimental series were made which differed in the form of N supplied to the growing medium at a rate of 420 mg (2N): 1) Hoagland’s solution (control); 2) Hoagl + 2N-NO3; 3) Hoagl + 2N-NH4; 4) Hoagl + 2N-NH4/NO3. The obtained results showed that the lettuce leaf yield under FRS light was distinctly higher than under LED light at a PPFD of 200, and in particular at 800 μmol·m-2·s-1. Besides, the leaves grown under FRS light showed a significantly thinner leaf blade (SLA) and a lower content of photosynthetic pigments, total N and nitrates. The photosynthetic rate was higher under LED light relative to FRS light. Different nutrition of plants with N-NO3, N-NH4 and N-NH4/NO3 had a similar effect on the yield and analysed traits of lettuce leaves, regardless of the type of light and the level of irradiation with LED light. LED lamps seem to be a very promising light source for plants, but they require further research on how to adapt the spectral distribution of light to their requirements.
pub/13_5_211.pdf Full text available in Adobe Acrobat format:
http://www.hortorumcultus.actapol.net/volume13/issue5/13_5_211.pdf
Keywords: spectral composition, Lactuca sativa, yield, leaf area, SLA, photosynthetic pigments, N-total, nitrates, photosynthesis

For citation:

MLA Michałek, Sławomir, et al. "The response of lettuce to fluorescent light and led light relative to different nitrogen nutrition of plants." Acta Sci.Pol. Hortorum Cultus 13.5 (2014): 13.
APA Michałek, S., Hawrylak-Nowak, B., & Borowski, E. (2014). The response of lettuce to fluorescent light and led light relative to different nitrogen nutrition of plants. Acta Sci.Pol. Hortorum Cultus 13 (5), 13.
ISO 690 MICHAłEK, Sławomir, HAWRYLAK-NOWAK, Barbara, BOROWSKI, Edward. The response of lettuce to fluorescent light and led light relative to different nitrogen nutrition of plants. Acta Sci.Pol. Hortorum Cultus, 2014, 13.5: 13.
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Streszczenie w języku polskim:
http://www.hortorumcultus.actapol.net/tom13/zeszyt5/abstrakt-211.html