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Issue 14 (6) 2015 pp. 163–174

Maria Licznar-Małańczuk

SUITABILITY OF BLUE FESCUE (Festuca ovina L.) AS LIVING MULCH IN AN APPLE ORCHARD – PRELIMINARY EVALUATION

Abstract: The living mulch is one of the orchard floor weed control option suitable for the organic production, which especially adds orchard biodiversity. The covering plant competes with the fruit tree, what can result in the reduced growth and yield. At the Fruit Experimental Station of the Wrocław University of Environmental and Life Sciences, in a young apple orchard mulched with blue fescue (Festuca ovina L.), the growth, cropping, and fruit quality were evaluated. In spring 2009, trees of the ‘Ligol’ cv. budded on the M.9, M.26, and P 60 rootstocks were planted, and in the following four years (2010–2013) blue fescue was being sown in the tree rows. Prior to the introduction of the living mulch, a herbicide fallow was maintained. The sowing of blue fescue as early as in the second year following the tree planting caused a significant decrease of the total yield per tree obtained in the first four years of the cropping. On the other hand, it contributed to an improved coloration of the fruits. Postponing of the cover plant sowing until the third and fourth year following the orchard establishment mitigated the negative influences of the living mulch on the tree growth and yielding, as well as on the fruit quality. As in addition blue fescue satisfactorily protects the soil from weed occurrence, its application in form of a late-sown living mulch could be considered as a promising alternative to the herbicide fallow.
pub/14_6_163.pdf Full text available in Adobe Acrobat format:
http://www.hortorumcultus.actapol.net/volume14/issue6/14_6_163.pdf
Keywords: cover crop, grass, rootstock, growth, cropping

For citation:

MLA Licznar-Małańczuk, Maria. "SUITABILITY OF BLUE FESCUE (Festuca ovina L.) AS LIVING MULCH IN AN APPLE ORCHARD – PRELIMINARY EVALUATION." Acta Sci.Pol. Hortorum Cultus 14.6 (2015): 14.
APA Licznar-Małańczuk, M. (2015). SUITABILITY OF BLUE FESCUE (Festuca ovina L.) AS LIVING MULCH IN AN APPLE ORCHARD – PRELIMINARY EVALUATION. Acta Sci.Pol. Hortorum Cultus 14 (6), 14.
ISO 690 LICZNAR-MAłAńCZUK, Maria. SUITABILITY OF BLUE FESCUE (Festuca ovina L.) AS LIVING MULCH IN AN APPLE ORCHARD – PRELIMINARY EVALUATION. Acta Sci.Pol. Hortorum Cultus, 2015, 14.6: 14.
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Streszczenie w języku polskim:
http://www.hortorumcultus.actapol.net/tom14/zeszyt6/abstrakt-163.html