University of Life Sciences in Lublin

Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Przyrodniczego

Scopus

Index Copernicus Journal Master List

Polska Bibliografia Naukowa

Issue 14 (6) 2015 pp. 97–114

Sylwester Smoleń, Łukasz Skoczylas, Roksana Rakoczy, Iwona Ledwożyw-Smoleń, Aneta Kopeć, Ewa Piątkowska, Renata Bieżanowska-Kopeć, Mirosław Pysz, Aneta Koronowicz, Joanna Kapusta-Duch, Włodzimierz Sady

MINERAL COMPOSITION OF FIELD-GROWN LETTUCE (Lactuca sativa L.) DEPENDING ON THE DIVERSIFIED FERTILIZATION WITH IODINE AND SELENIUM COMPOUNDS

Abstract: The practice of simultaneous biofortification (enrichment) of plants with iodine (I) and selenium (Se) is based on solid grounds. Their low content in soils is the cause of an endemic deficiency of I and Se in several billion people worldwide. There is still no objective information as to the impact of I and Se interactions on mineral nutrition of plants. The study (conducted in 2012–2014), included soil fertilization of the lettuce cv. ‘Valeska’ in the following combinations: control, KI, KIO3, Na2SeO4, Na2SeO3, KI + Na2SeO4, KIO3 + Na2SeO4, KI + Na2SeO3, KIO3 + Na2SeO3. I and Se were applied twice: before sowing and as top-dressing (each 2.5 kg I·ha-1 + 0.5 kg Se·ha-1) – a total dose of 5 kg I·ha-1 and 1 kg Se·ha-1 was used. Fertilization with Na2SeO4, KI + Na2SeO4 and KIO3 + Na2SeO4 considerably reduced the dry matter yield of the plants – it also lowered the content of P, K, Mg, Ca, B, Zn and Cd in the lettuce. Fertilization with Na2SeO3, KI + Na2SeO3 and KIO3 + Na2SeO3 had a less negative impact on dry matter yield than the use of Na2SeO4 – every year it affected the mineral content in the lettuce in a highly varied manner. Dry matter productivity of the plants after fertilization with KI and KIO3 varied between the research years – in those plots, I content in lettuce was negatively correlated with the content of K, Mg, Ca, S, Na, B, Cu, Fe, Mn, Zn, Cd and Pb. Combined fertilization with KI and KIO3 with Na2SeO4, and with Na2SeO3 reduced the negative correlation between I content (in the KI and KIO3 plots) and the content of K, Mg, Ca, S, Na, B, Cu, Fe, Mn, Zn, Cd and Pb. After fertilization with Na2SeO4, Se content was positively correlated with Na content and negatively correlated with the content of Mg, Ca, Fe, Mn and Cd. Se content in the lettuce after fertilizing exclusively with Na2SeO3 was positively correlated with the content of P, K, Na, Mn, Mo and Zn. The changeable climatic conditions “disguised” the influence of fertilization with I and Se on the mineral composition of the lettuce plants.
pub/14_6_97.pdf Full text available in Adobe Acrobat format:
http://www.hortorumcultus.actapol.net/volume14/issue6/14_6_97.pdf
Keywords: macronutrients, micronutrients, plant nutrition, heavy metals, mineral nutrition

For citation:

MLA Smoleń, Sylwester, et al. "MINERAL COMPOSITION OF FIELD-GROWN LETTUCE (Lactuca sativa L.) DEPENDING ON THE DIVERSIFIED FERTILIZATION WITH IODINE AND SELENIUM COMPOUNDS." Acta Sci.Pol. Hortorum Cultus 14.6 (2015): 14.
APA Smoleń, S., Skoczylas, ., Rakoczy, R., Ledwożyw-Smoleń, I., Kopeć, A., Piątkowska, E., Bieżanowska-Kopeć, R., Pysz, M., Koronowicz, A., Kapusta-Duch, J., & Sady, W. (2015). MINERAL COMPOSITION OF FIELD-GROWN LETTUCE (Lactuca sativa L.) DEPENDING ON THE DIVERSIFIED FERTILIZATION WITH IODINE AND SELENIUM COMPOUNDS. Acta Sci.Pol. Hortorum Cultus 14 (6), 14.
ISO 690 SMOLEń, Sylwester, et al. MINERAL COMPOSITION OF FIELD-GROWN LETTUCE (Lactuca sativa L.) DEPENDING ON THE DIVERSIFIED FERTILIZATION WITH IODINE AND SELENIUM COMPOUNDS. Acta Sci.Pol. Hortorum Cultus, 2015, 14.6: 14.
EndNote BibTeX RefMan
Streszczenie w języku polskim:
http://www.hortorumcultus.actapol.net/tom14/zeszyt6/abstrakt-97.html