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Polska Bibliografia Naukowa

Issue 15 (2) 2016 pp. 109–119

Anna Pachlowska, Anna Stefaniak, Monika Grzeszczuk

BIOLOGICAL VALUE OF VARIOUS EDIBLE FLOWER SPECIES

Abstract: Flowers are an important part of a plant which contains a great variety of natural antioxidants, such as polyphenols, carotenoids and many other bioactive and nutraceutical compounds. Edible flowers have been used in culinary preparations for centuries to improve the nutritional and sensorial qualities of food. The aim of the experiment was to compare the biological value of Borago officinalis, Lavandula angustifolia, Oenothera biennis, Viola tricolor, Bellis perennis, Salvia splendens, Tagetes tenuifolia, Verbena × hybrid, Begonia semperflorens and Begonia × tuberhybrida flowers. Among the compared edible flower species, signet marigold showed the highest biological value due to the highest amounts of L-ascorbic acid, total carotenoid and total polyphenol content and the highest antioxidant activity. Moreover, the flowers of heartsease were characterized by the highest content of total ash, saccharose, and chlorophylls; lavender flowers – by the highest content of dry matter, crude fibre, total soluble and reducing sugars; scarlet sage flowers – by the highest content of total nitrogen and total protein; while wax begonia flowers – by the highest titratable acidity and the least sugar/acid ratio.
pub/15_2_109.pdf Full text available in Adobe Acrobat format:
http://www.hortorumcultus.actapol.net/volume15/issue2/15_2_109.pdf
Keywords: ornamental and medicinal plants, nutraceuticals, antioxidants, polyphenols, carotenoids

For citation:

MLA Pachlowska, Anna, et al. "BIOLOGICAL VALUE OF VARIOUS EDIBLE FLOWER SPECIES." Acta Sci.Pol. Hortorum Cultus 15.2 (2016): 15.
APA Pachlowska, A., Stefaniak, A., & Grzeszczuk, M. (2016). BIOLOGICAL VALUE OF VARIOUS EDIBLE FLOWER SPECIES. Acta Sci.Pol. Hortorum Cultus 15 (2), 15.
ISO 690 PACHLOWSKA, Anna, STEFANIAK, Anna, GRZESZCZUK, Monika. BIOLOGICAL VALUE OF VARIOUS EDIBLE FLOWER SPECIES. Acta Sci.Pol. Hortorum Cultus, 2016, 15.2: 15.
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Streszczenie w języku polskim:
http://www.hortorumcultus.actapol.net/tom15/zeszyt2/abstrakt-109.html