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Issue 9 (4) 2010 pp. 3–12

Sylwester Smoleń, Włodzimierz Sady, Iwona Ledwożyw-Smoleń

Quantitative relations between the content of selected trace elements in soil extracted with 0.03 M CH3COOH or 1 M HCL and its total concentration in carrot storage roots

Abstract: There is an existing need for the development of rapid and easy-to-perform methods for analyzing chemical composition of soil basing on simultaneous extraction of many elements in a single solution. Furthermore, it is desirable that mineral concentration determined in soil using these methods should be significantly correlated with its content in plants. Many researches indicated that soil concentration of heavy metals and trace elements after extraction using 0.01 M CaCl2 did not reflect its content in vegetable plants.. The aim of the research was to determine the relation between soil content of: Al, B, Ba, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Li, Mn, Mo, Ni, Pb, Sr, Ti, V and Zn extracted in 0.03 M CH3COOH as well as 1 M HCl and its content in carrot storage roots. In 2008–2009 studies were carried out on soil samples after carrot cultivation (from 0–30 cm, 30–60 cm and 60–90 cm layers) as well as on carrot storage roots grown on the same soil site. In total, analysis of chemical composition (with respect to the content of tested elements) comprised: 112 samples of carrot storage roots, 112 soil samples from 0–30 cm layer as well as 48 soil samples from 30–60 cm and 60–90 cm layers. Higher applicability of soil extraction with 0.03 M CH3COOH (commonly used for macro element chlorides and boron determination) in comparison to extraction with 1 M HCl was demonstrated in reference to the estimation of the relation between soil and carrot content of: Al, B, Ba, Cd, Cr, Cu, Li, Ni, Sr, Ti and Zn. Application of 1 M HCl gave relatively better results when compared to the extraction with 0.03 M CH3COOH with respect to calculated values of correlation coefficient for Co, Fe, Mn, Mo and Pb content in soil and carrot. Content of Co, Mo, Pb and V in soil after extraction using 0.03 M CH3COOH was below the limits of its detection using ICP-OES spectrometer. No relation was found between vanadium content in soil (analyzed after extraction with 1 M HCl) and its content in carrot storage roots.
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Keywords: 0.03 M acetic acid, 1 M hydrochloric acid, trace elements, carrot

For citation:

MLA Smoleń, Sylwester, et al. "Quantitative relations between the content of selected trace elements in soil extracted with 0.03 M CH3COOH or 1 M HCL and its total concentration in carrot storage roots." Acta Sci.Pol. Hortorum Cultus 9.4 (2010): 9.
APA Smoleń, S., Sady, W., & Ledwożyw-Smoleń, I. (2010). Quantitative relations between the content of selected trace elements in soil extracted with 0.03 M CH3COOH or 1 M HCL and its total concentration in carrot storage roots. Acta Sci.Pol. Hortorum Cultus 9 (4), 9.
ISO 690 SMOLEń, Sylwester, SADY, Włodzimierz, LEDWOżYW-SMOLEń, Iwona. Quantitative relations between the content of selected trace elements in soil extracted with 0.03 M CH3COOH or 1 M HCL and its total concentration in carrot storage roots. Acta Sci.Pol. Hortorum Cultus, 2010, 9.4: 9.
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